Site icon Inmathi

How Kollywood owes its name to a flower

Kodal flower. Botanical name: Lily Gloriosa Modesta Yellow Morph

Read in : தமிழ்

The Tamil film industry is known as Kollywood — a reference to Kodambakkam, the area in Chennai where studios were once located and stars lived. The real name of Kodambakkam, however, is Kodalambakkam (Kodal + pakkam)). Kodal is the name of a flower that grew in these parts, as recorded in ancient Tamil literature. The sthalapuranam of the Vengeeswarar temple in Kodambakkam (ancient name Puliyur) provides details of Kodalambakkam, and of Tamil scholars Vageesa Munivar and his guru Paramanandha Munivar, both of whom lived in Kodalambakkam.
The name Kodalambakkam later came to be referred to as Kodambakkam. The activities of Vageesa Munivar have also been recorded in an inscription in Tiruvottriyur Adipureeswarar temple in the 12th century that  Chola king Rajadhiraja II, accomnpanied by two learned scholars, Vageeswara Munivar and Chaturanana Pandita, came to the Tiruvottriyur temple during the Panguni Uttiram festival and listened to a religious discourse (SII . Vol . VI . நோ. 1354), 104 and 126 of 1912 ARE).

Kodambakkam was previously known as “Kodalambakkam” (also known as  part of Puliyur) and a stray verse by Vakeesa Munivar, author of “Gnanamirtham,” a great Saivite religious work, says that his preceptor, Paramananda Munivar, resided in Kodalambakkam. Vakeesa Munivar, who was a contemporary of Rajadhiraja Chozha in the twelfth century, also lived for some time in Thiruvotriyur, which was visited by him along with the king, according to an inscription. Vakeesa Munivar, in his verse, hails his preceptor as “Nar Kodalambakka Adhipan, Thirunerikkavalan, Saiva Sikamani”. Hence it is clearly established that Koda(la)mbakkam and the Siva temple there were in existence even 1,000 years ago.

Vageesa Munivar was an important leader of a Saiva Siddhanta sect but more about him later. Here, we merely point out to two his references which state that Kodalam was the place where his guru Paramanandha Munivar lived. The reference to Kodalam as the place where Paramananda Munivar lived is further recorded in his work Gnaanaamrudham.

It is amusing to note that a self-styled chronicler of Chennai city attributed the name Kodambakkam to Goga Bagh, a place where horses were stationed, without caring to check ancient Tamil literature and Tamil (besides Grantha) inscriptions available all over Tamil Nadu, right from 5th century.  What is worse that his concocted stories were accepted as the whole truth by a section of the population in the city believing that its age was only 380 or so, suppressing the fact that there is recorded history from 1st century that Chennai existed that too as a much larger city than British-occupied Madras. They also ignored the fact that the old Chennai went by the name Puliyur Kottam comprising Chennai, Chengalpattu and Tiruvallur districts, somewhat closer to Greater Chennai of today. The history of over 1,700 years of  ancient Chennai was sought to be pushed under the carpet  and obliterated, merely to sing the praise of the British Raj, and conceal the work of Tamil writers and scholars.

Chennai 2000 Plus Trust proposes to restore all these ancient works by Tamil stalwarts in various walks of life. Chennai Maadham (in the month of October) will give a glimpse of their extraordinary work in the cause of Tamil, its literature, music,  trade and commerce.

Share the Article

Read in : தமிழ்

Exit mobile version